Joel Emmons Whitney (Saint Paul, United States)
View of Fort Snelling and the Valley of the Minnesota
Albumen print, Carte-de-visite, 1862
With the title printed mount recto. Mount verso bears the Whitney's Gallery Saint Paul studio stamp, copyright information and a two cent revenue stamp.

A rare image and an historically significant one. Fort Snelling served as a frontier post during the 1820s to 1850s, and in the Civil War period it was used as a concentration camp during the Dakota War of 1862. In addition to the history of the cdv's subject, the photograph was taken by the man considered to be the pioneer of Minnesota photography, J. E. Whitney.

Whitney's photographic upbringing came from the daguerreian master, Alexander Hesler. Hesler worked out of Chicago, but in 1851 he and Whitney relocated to the area around St. Paul and Minneapolis to capture the wilderness scenes of what would become the Twin Cities.

Whitney had many partners in his long photographic career, including Charles Zimmerman, Moses Tuttle and Otto Pasel. Interestingly Whitney was deaf for most of his life, and historians have speculated that he always had partners in his photographic businesses because he had a difficult time communicating with customers.

Size:2 1/8 x 3 1/2 in. (5.5 x 9 cm.)
Condition:4- (minor trimming of mount corners)
No. 26.137